ZeraLand, USA

On the Nature of "Nation"

United States Constitution – Article I sec 8

This section lists (enumerates) powers explicitly assigned to Congress. Some are also mentioned elsewhere in the Constitution. Some are more specific than others. This is not the complete list.

Section 8

(clause 1)

The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

Congress has the power to raise revenue by imposing and collecting:

  • Taxes,
  • Duties,
  • Imposts,
  • and Excises.

Note that Taxes were not included in the uniformity requirement. As the word “Excises” is followed by a comma instead of a semicolon, I take it to mean that this power to raise revenues is only for the purpose of:

  • Paying the Debts of the United States.
  • Funding the common Defense of the United States.
  • Funding the general Welfare of the United States.

The big question here is just what falls under the umbrella of “general welfare”?

(clause 2)

To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;

Congress must authorize the borrowing of money. Pretty straightforward stuff. Of course, it comes with the implied mandate to maintain the credit-worthiness of the United States, and to repay borrowed money. The Framers would have known, they had the debt accumulated from the Revolutionary War to repay. One of the reasons for a strong central government was the inability of a weak central government to repay that debt.
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October 23, 2011 Posted by | Article I, Const. Review, Const. Second Reading | , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Repealing Citizens United

As an alternative to my Securing Our Sovereignty amendment, I offer another option:

  • Whereas the election of government Officials is an exercise of sovereignty over a representational form of Government;
  • Whereas the authority of our Government derives from the consent of its Citizens;
  • Whereas petitioning elected Officials is an exercise of sovereign power;
  • Whereas the success of a democracy – and a representational form of government – depend on a well-informed electorate, and thus influencing their judgment;
  • Whereas money is a decisive factor in controlling the information presented to the electorate;
  • It is a natural conclusion that money from sources other than Citizens, when applied to the political process, interferes with our natural Sovereignty.


Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States protecting the political sovereignty of the Citizens of the United States of America.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:


Section 1

All references to “persons” made in the Constitution and the Amendments thereof, shall mean only natural born persons.

Section 2

The rights of “artificial persons” shall be inferior to the rights of natural persons, and consist only of those rights granted by United States Code and the laws of the several States.

Section 3

The exercise of sovereign authority is a right reserved exclusively to the Citizens and Nationals of the United States.

Section 4

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


This is a preliminary draft.

The concept here is not to revoke corporate rights, but to deny them constitutional protections. Corporations are neither human beings nor citizens, and should not have equal rights.


Thom Hartmann: SCOTUS says corporations are people but women are not

October 15, 2011 Posted by | Amendments, Constitution, Government, Proposed | , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment


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